# Statements

RDF statements are generally represented in RDF.ex as native Elixir tuples, either as 3-element tuples for triples or as 4-element tuples for quads.

The RDF.Triple and RDF.Quad modules both provide a function new for such tuples, which coerces the elements to proper nodes when possible or raises an error when such a coercion is not possible. In particular these functions also resolve qualified terms from a vocabulary namespace. They can also be called with the alias functions RDF.triple and RDF.quad.

iex> RDF.triple(EX.S, EX.p, 1)
{~I<http://example.com/S>, ~I<http://example.com/p>, RDF.XSD.Integer.new(1)}

iex> RDF.triple {EX.S, EX.p, 1}
{~I<http://example.com/S>, ~I<http://example.com/p>, RDF.XSD.Integer.new(1)}

iex> RDF.quad(EX.S, EX.p, 1, EX.Graph)
{~I<http://example.com/S>, ~I<http://example.com/p>, RDF.XSD.Integer.new(1),

iex> RDF.triple {EX.S, 1, EX.O}
** (RDF.Triple.InvalidPredicateError) '1' is not a valid predicate of a RDF.Triple
    (rdf 1.0.0) lib/rdf/model/statement.ex:90: RDF.Statement.coerce_predicate/1
    (rdf 1.0.0) lib/rdf/star/triple.ex:54: RDF.Star.Triple.new/4

If you want to explicitly create a quad in the default graph context, you can use nil as the graph name. The nil value is used consistently as the name of the default graph within RDF.ex.

iex> RDF.quad(EX.S, EX.p, 1, nil)
{~I<http://example.com/S>, ~I<http://example.com/p>, RDF.XSD.Integer.new(1),

Various guards are available to perform pattern matches for proper statements. Please refer to the API docs (opens new window) for more on these.